What to Expect When You Get the COVID-19 Vaccination?

Updated: Oct 23, 2021


COVID-19 vaccination is the only weapon that can lower the risk of contracting coronavirus infection. Now people are becoming aware and counting on getting the vaccination to keep themselves safe. People are invited for the appointment by phone call, letter, text, or email when it’s their turn to get the vaccine. In fact, they are invited to a hospital, a pharmacy, or a vaccine center.


For two doses, there are two different appointments, where the first shot can provide protection against COVID-19. Getting both shots of the vaccine is mandatory to get long-lasting protection. On the day of getting the vaccine, people need to:

  • Bring booking reference numbers (if the appointment is at a vaccine center).

  • They need to cover their face with a mask.

Usually, the appointment lasts for thirty minutes, where people are required to answer questions related to their medical history or current health condition, such as if a woman is pregnant or if someone is allergic to something. After that, people are given an injection into their upper arm, and then they are required to wait for fifteen minutes in order to make sure they do not get any serious reaction from the vaccine. People can expect some side effects post-vaccination, which will go away within a few days. Common side effects are:

  • Fever

  • Chills

  • Nausea

  • Muscle ache

  • Headache

It is vital to note that some people do not experience any side effects. Side effects depend from person to person; where one may face only fever and muscle pain, others may experience chills and nausea.



Should you do anything to prepare for your COVID-19 shot?



People should prepare for getting a COVID-19 shot, and they must also accept the earliest appointment. Following are a few things people can do to prepare themselves for vaccination:

  • Check with their doctor: People can consult their physician to know if they ever had any serious allergic reaction from any vaccine. Also, pregnant and breastfeeding ladies and those with some underlying health issues should talk to their doctor prior to getting a vaccination.

  • Schedule an appointment: As everyone has to take the shot, appointments can be limited at times. It is vital to note that some people may experience mid-side effects, so they should not schedule their appointment a day before their important meeting, exam, or any event. People can book their appointment in person, online, by phone call.

  • Refrain from getting another vaccine: People have to make sure they do not get any other vaccine for 14 days before and after getting the vaccination. Getting other vaccines at the same time can react and cause serious issues.

  • Get daily activities done ahead: Grocery shopping, doing errands, other household chores, and routine activities should be done ahead of time. As vaccination can cause fever and muscle pain, people need to make sure they do their regular work early or take two days off.

  • Have pain relievers on hand: Though it is normal to develop side effects after getting the vaccine, people can keep pain relievers like acetaminophen and ibuprofen with themselves. If they get body and muscle pain post COVID-19 vaccine, they can consume pain reliever tablets. People should never take pain relievers before vaccination in order to prevent side effects from the vaccine.

Apart from these, people should avoid doing strenuous workouts two days before and after getting the vaccination. On the day of the appointment, they must wear a face mask, a comfortable outfit that is either sleeveless or is easy to roll up, and should bring printed confirmation of the appointment.



How long does it take for a COVID vaccine to work?




According to the CDC, the body takes a few weeks to build immunity after getting the vaccination. As the COVID-19 vaccination is given in two doses, the first dose will kickstart the partial growth of antibodies. Further, after getting the second or final dose, the body will take up to two weeks to reach the full potential of antibody response.

Our immune system fights infection with the help of blood cells, where red blood cells carry oxygen to the organs, and white blood cells fight infection. White blood cells are of three different types:

  • Macrophages (they digest the germs)

  • B-lymphocytes (they produce antibodies)

  • T-lymphocytes (they attack cells in the infected body)


The body takes some weeks to produce B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes. Therefore, the body takes some time to develop these defensive cells that help the immune system fight infections.


What are the side effects of your COVID Vaccine?


After getting the COVID-19 vaccination, some people do not experience any side effects, where others face mild side effects, which are:

  • Sore arm

  • Feeling achy

  • Fever

  • Chills

  • Headache

  • Feeling tired

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Muscle and joint pain

It is indispensable to note that people cannot get infected from the vaccine, but they can catch COVID-19 just before or after the vaccination. So, if the fever lasts longer than two days and the sense of smell or taste is lost, then it is the sign of COVID-19. At this time, one needs to stay home and get tested.


There are a few rare side effects which people may experience:

  • Some people may face allergic reactions like anaphylaxis, which is one of the rare side effects that can occur after getting the vaccine.

  • Blood clotting can happen in the people who had the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine.

  • Heart inflammation is another very rare side effect that may happen.

Side effects from the vaccine do not last long and go away within a few days. However, people should exercise caution and contact their doctor if their symptoms worsen.


Can you still transmit COVID-19 to others even if you are vaccinated?



People who have had both doses of the COVID-19 vaccine should still wear masks and practice social distancing as there can be a small risk of contracting coronavirus. That being said, people still need to use sanitizers or wash their hands frequently.

The benefit of getting the COVID-19 vaccine is that it lowers the risk of getting hospitalized, severe illness, or death from COVID-19. It is crucial to note that new strains are coming out. Therefore, protecting oneself by wearing masks, washing hands, and maintaining six feet of distance from the people in public becomes important.


So, whether vaccinated or not, one can still contract or transmit COVID-19 to others.


Centric has knowledgeable nurses to teach you about Covid Side effects, know more:


The right information is necessary when it comes to COVID-19. As there’s a lot of misinformation on the internet, people are getting confused. At Centric Healthcare, we have proficient and highly knowledgeable staff members that are ready to help people and teach them about how they can prepare for vaccination. Our team of experienced doctors and nurses are skilled and can assist people in understanding and knowing more about side effects and how they can manage them in their homes. It is crucial to note that there are some side effects, which are rare. Therefore, people need to stay informed and should have the right knowledge so that they know what to expect and what they can do after getting the COVID-19 vaccination.





References:
  1. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/coronavirus-covid-19/coronavirus-vaccination/what-happens-at-your-appointment/

  2. https://www.hackensackmeridianhealth.org/HealthU/2021/05/05/how-to-prepare-for-your-covid-19-vaccine/

  3. https://health.unl.edu/7-steps-prepare-your-covid-19-vaccines

  4. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/how-they-work.html

  5. https://www.who.int/news/item/11-06-2021-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-how-covid-19-vaccines-are-regulated-for-safety-and-effectiveness

  6. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/coronavirus-covid-19/coronavirus-vaccination/safety-and-side-effects/

  7. https://www.piedmont.org/living-better/can-you-still-spread-covid-after-youve-had-the-vaccine

  8. https://health.clevelandclinic.org/can-vaccinated-people-transmit-covid-19-to-others/



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